The High Castle of Füssen
In the middle of the old town of the small city in the eastern Allgäu lies a magnificent monument of the old Bavarian monarchic history. The high castle in Füssen is among the best kept castles in Bavaria and draws countless visitors every year to the province. The old summer residence of the Bavarian bishops is also worth a visit.
From camp to bishop's residence
After it started as roman military camp, a city developed in the middle ages in the area that now encompasses Füssen. In 1183 the people of Augsburg gave the monastery a hill on which the castle stands today. In 1322 the city walls also included the castle, which was extended further and further. The high castle of Füssen in it's current form was finished in the 15th century by bishop Friedrich II of Zollern. The last changes made by Friedrich of Zollern include the construction of a moat, as well as the fortification of many defense towers, kennels and retrenchments. Several smaller changes in construction followed up to the 20th century.
A highlight in the otherwise conservatively built castle are the facades of the castle wings and the door tower, which were decorated with unique and artfully crafted illusionary paintings. The painter responsible for the paintings has yet to be identified.
The current function and meaning for the local tourism
The gothic exterior plaster, which is optically close to the appearance of the castle in the middle ages, is still intact and was only refreshed by restorations. The inner rooms of the castle are mostly in good condition and offer evidence of all centuries since it's construction. From gothic wooden ceilings to the knight's room, which is especially impressive. Directly next to the castle you can find the highest located castle chapel of Germany, which is the Veitskapelle. From it visitors can enjoy the picturesque view of the idyllic alpine landscape of the Allgäu.
Nowadays the the high castle is the residence of the local tax office. Next to it you can find a museum. The state gallery in the high castle invites visitors to look at late gothic plates and sculptures in a traditional setting. They belong to the Bavarian state owned collection of paintings and contain „Salvator Mundi“ among others, which was donated by Friedrich von Zollern. The visitor can see further unique examples of swabic and traditional bavarian paintings of late medieval times as well as the 15th to 17th century.
If you consider a visit to the high castle, the drop tower should also be visited. The tower, which was opened to visitors a short time ago, originally served as a dungeon and offers an impressive view of the castle grounds and the surrounding landscape. Guided tours of the castle are also offered.